Anthony, Susan B. (Brownell) (1820-1906), a United States reformer. Her work in the woman suffrage (right to vote) movement helped to bring about adoption of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920). She was born in Adams, Massachusetts. After receiving her early education at home from her Quaker father, she attended a boarding school near Philadelphia. She was a teacher and school administrator before devoting herself full time to reform activities after 1849.
In 1852 Anthony helped organize the Woman's State Temperance Society of New York. By 1853 she was active in the women's rights cause, working closely with Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Both abolitionists, they organized the Women's National Loyal League to support the Union cause in the Civil War. They were among the first to advocate suffrage for blacks.
After the war, Anthony devoted herself entirely to the woman suffrage movement, lecturing in one state after another. With Mrs. Stanton, she founded the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1869 to work for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution. In 1872 Anthony led a small group of women in voting at Rochester, New York, claiming this privilege under the 14th Amendment. They were arrested, however. Anthony's trial focused national attention on the movement to secure voting rights for women. From 1892 to 1900 she was president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
She was elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1950 and in 1979 became the first woman to be depicted on United States currency---a dollar coin.