The Ancient Greek Military Leaders section provides facts on notable military and Greek political leaders. Learn about Spartan heroes and Athenian idealists.


Pisistratus, or Peisistratus (605- B.C.), the first Athenian tyrant (illegal ruler).

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  • Dionysius


    Dionysius, the name of two rulers, father and son, of ancient Syracuse, a Greek city in Sicily. See more »

  • Pericles


    Pericles, (490-429 B.C.), an Athenian statesman. Pericles ruled Athens from 461 until his death in 429. See more »

  • Themistocles


    Themistocles, (582-460 B.C.), an Athenian statesman. He was the leader most responsible for the Greek victory in the Persian Wars and for establishing Athens as a great power among the Greek city-states. See more »

  • Aristides


    Aristides,(530-468 B.C.), an Athenian statesman and military leader. He was called "the Just" because of his complete honesty in an era when corruption was common. See more »

  • Cimon


    Cimon, (507-449 B.C.), an Athenian general and statesman. He was the son of Miltiades, the general who won fame at the Battle of Marathon. See more »

  • Cleisthenes


    Cleisthenes, or Clisthenes (latter part of the sixth century B.C.), an Athenian statesman and reformer credited with establishing democratic government in the Athenian city-state. See more »

  • Draco


    Draco, an Athenian statesman of the seventh century B.C. He is remembered mainly for the severity of his laws, which, according to tradition, formed Athens' first written code. See more »

  • Epaminondas


    Epaminondas (418-362 B.C.), a Greek general of ancient Thebes. His genius gave his native city a brief period of glory, and under him Thebes displaced Sparta as the strongest power in Greece, as Sparta had previously displaced Athens. See more »

  • Lycurgus


    Lycurgus, in ancient Greece, the traditional lawgiver of Sparta. Most historians believe he was purely mythological while some believe he actually lived, sometime between 1100 B.C. See more »

  • Lysander


    Lysander (died 395 B.C.), a Spartan naval and military commander. By defeating the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami in 405 B.C., and then capturing Athens in 404, Lysander ended the Peloponnesian War. See more »

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