LEADERS

The Ancient Greek Military Leaders section provides facts on notable military and Greek political leaders. Learn about Spartan heroes and Athenian idealists.
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Pyrrhus

Pyrrhus, (318?-272 B.C.), a king of Epirus, an ancient country that adjoined Macedonia to the west.

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  • Dionysius

    Dionysius

    Dionysius, the name of two rulers, father and son, of ancient Syracuse, a Greek city in Sicily. See more »

  • Pericles

    Pericles

    Pericles, (490-429 B.C.), an Athenian statesman. Pericles ruled Athens from 461 until his death in 429. See more »

  • Themistocles

    Themistocles

    Themistocles, (582-460 B.C.), an Athenian statesman. He was the leader most responsible for the Greek victory in the Persian Wars and for establishing Athens as a great power among the Greek city-states. See more »

  • Aristides

    Aristides

    Aristides,(530-468 B.C.), an Athenian statesman and military leader. He was called "the Just" because of his complete honesty in an era when corruption was common. See more »

  • Cimon

    Cimon

    Cimon, (507-449 B.C.), an Athenian general and statesman. He was the son of Miltiades, the general who won fame at the Battle of Marathon. See more »

  • Cleisthenes

    Cleisthenes

    Cleisthenes, or Clisthenes (latter part of the sixth century B.C.), an Athenian statesman and reformer credited with establishing democratic government in the Athenian city-state. See more »

  • Draco

    Draco

    Draco, an Athenian statesman of the seventh century B.C. He is remembered mainly for the severity of his laws, which, according to tradition, formed Athens' first written code. See more »

  • Epaminondas

    Epaminondas

    Epaminondas (418-362 B.C.), a Greek general of ancient Thebes. His genius gave his native city a brief period of glory, and under him Thebes displaced Sparta as the strongest power in Greece, as Sparta had previously displaced Athens. See more »

  • Lycurgus

    Lycurgus

    Lycurgus, in ancient Greece, the traditional lawgiver of Sparta. Most historians believe he was purely mythological while some believe he actually lived, sometime between 1100 B.C. See more »

  • Lysander

    Lysander

    Lysander (died 395 B.C.), a Spartan naval and military commander. By defeating the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami in 405 B.C., and then capturing Athens in 404, Lysander ended the Peloponnesian War. See more »

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