King Philip's War, 1675–76, a war between New England colonists and Indians. The war was named for King Philip, or Metacomet, the chief of the Wampanoag tribe and son of Massasoit, who had welcomed the Pilgrims to Plymouth. Relations between the Indians and the colonists had deteriorated, partly because of the colonists' continual demands for land, and in June, 1675, Philip began the war with a raid on Swansea in Plymouth Colony. The Wampanoags allied themselves with various tribes, including the Narragansets and the Nipmucs. The war was actually a series of Indian raids followed by retaliatory attacks by colonial forces. The Indians attacked 52 of the 90 towns then settled in New England, destroying 20 of them.

In December, 1675, the Narragansets were routed by the colonists in the Great Swamp Fight, in Rhode Island. In August, 1676, Captain Benjamin Church's forces defeated the Wampanoags, and Philip was killed, near Mount Hope (now Bristol), Rhode Island. The war ended with his death. The Nipmucs fled to Canada and New York. Some 600 colonists and 3,000 Indians had been killed in the bloody conflict, which saw much brutality on both sides. Sporadic fighting with the Abnaki and other tribes continued in Maine and New Hampshire until 1678.