Cartier, Jacques (1491–1557), a French explorer, the discoverer of the St. Lawrence River. In 1534 he sailed from his native St. Malo on his first voyage to the New World to look for a northwest passage to Asia. He reached Newfoundland and discovered the Strait of Belle Isle. At Cape Gaspé, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Cartier took possession of the mainland for King Francis I. On his second voyage (1535), Cartier sailed up the St. Lawrence River to the Indian village of Hochelaga at the foot of a great hill which he named Montréal (Mount Royal). His third voyage (1541) was made to prepare the way for Roberval, first viceroy of French Canada.
Nomadic hunters roamed the area that is now Colorado thousands of years ago. About the first century A.D., a people known as the Anasazi, or Basketmakers, settled in what is now the southwestern part of the state.
Lewis and Clark Expedition (May 14, 1804-September 23, 1806), an expedition sent by President Thomas Jefferson to examine the resources of the far Northwest.