Cartier, Jacques (1491–1557), a French explorer, the discoverer of the St. Lawrence River. In 1534 he sailed from his native St. Malo on his first voyage to the New World to look for a northwest passage to Asia. He reached Newfoundland and discovered the Strait of Belle Isle. At Cape Gaspé, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Cartier took possession of the mainland for King Francis I. On his second voyage (1535), Cartier sailed up the St. Lawrence River to the Indian village of Hochelaga at the foot of a great hill which he named Montréal (Mount Royal). His third voyage (1541) was made to prepare the way for Roberval, first viceroy of French Canada.
Railroads of the 1920s reflected a time of uncertainty in the industry at the time. Technology greatly improved train transportation, but the Great Depression brought about a bust in the industry. Learn more about the railroads of the 1920s.
Maryland was inhabited by Indians centuries before European settlement. The major tribes were the Piscataway in the west and the Nanticoke in the east, both of the Algonquian language family.