Brandywine, Battle of, September 11, 1777, a British victory in the American Revolution. It was fought about 20 miles (32 km) west of Philadelphia at Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, on Brandywine Creek. A force of 11,000 Americans under Washington faced 18,000 British under General Sir William Howe. A British flanking movement caught the Americans by surprise and nearly trapped the entire army. A rear-guard action led by General Nathanael Greene prevented disaster. The British victory enabled them to take Philadelphia two weeks later.
Henry, Patrick (1736-1799), a United States orator and statesman. He was one of the first American patriots to speak out against taxation by Britain.
In the dark of night on Dec. 16, 1773, residents of Boston poured more than 90,000 pounds of tea into the harbor. But they weren't trying to set a world record for the most cups of tea made at one time. They were protesting the British government.