Brandywine, Battle of, September 11, 1777, a British victory in the American Revolution. It was fought about 20 miles (32 km) west of Philadelphia at Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, on Brandywine Creek. A force of 11,000 Americans under Washington faced 18,000 British under General Sir William Howe. A British flanking movement caught the Americans by surprise and nearly trapped the entire army. A rear-guard action led by General Nathanael Greene prevented disaster. The British victory enabled them to take Philadelphia two weeks later.
Forget George Washington’s cherry tree and Ben Franklin’s inveterate womanizing. You're about to meet patriots you've never heard of, plus a few you thought you knew.
President Jefferson sent a couple of his representatives over to France to buy the city of New Orleans. What he got was the Louisiana Purchase, a patch of land that nearly doubled the size of the young nation.