Eutaw Springs, Battle of September 8, 1781, an engagement in the Carolina campaign of the American Revolution. It was fought near the Santee River in South Carolina. About 2,000 Americans commanded by General Nathanael Greene attacked a British force of about the same size. The British won the first phase of the battle but could not hold their positions. The next day they retreated toward Charleston. About one-fourth of the Americans were killed or wounded; the British casualties were slightly higher.