Conway Cabal , a plot formed in 1777 by a group of American officers and congressmen to remove George Washington and promote Horatio Gates to command of the Continental Army. The plotters contrasted Gates's victory at Saratoga with Washington's defeats at Brandywine and Germantown. The intrigue took its name from Major General Thomas Conway, an Irish-born, French-trained soldier of fortune whose promotion Washington had tried to block. But Conway's role was minor. Washington learned of the plot and notified Congress. The public supported Washington and the cabal collapsed. Conway later resigned his commission and returned to France.