Lexington, Massachusetts, a town in Middlesex County. It is 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Boston, of which Lexington is a residential suburb. The surrounding area is a truck-gardening and dairying region. Printing and publishing are done here.
The first battle of the American Revolution was fought at Lexington on the morning of April 19, 1775. Warned by Paul Revere, 70 Minutemen gathered on the Lexington Common to block a detachment of 700 British regulars on their way to destroy military supplies at nearby Concord. A skirmish followed and the Minutemen retreated, leaving eight of their men dead.
Lexington Common is maintained as a public park. On the large boulder that marks the place where the Minutemen stood are inscribed the words of Captain John Parker to his men: “Stand your ground; don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here.” The Revolutionary Monument, erected in 1799, honors the men who died here. Nearby is The Minuteman , a statue by H. H. Kitson. Buckman Tavern, the meeting place of the Minutemen, and Hancock-Clark House, where John Hancock and Samuel Adams were sleeping when aroused by Paul Revere, are open to the public.
Lexington was settled in 1642 and incorporated in 1713.