Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de (1757–1834), a French soldier and statesman. He was a hero of the American Revolutionary War, having volunteered his services to the United States against France's old enemy, Great Britain, and became a symbol of the friendship between France and the United States. Lafayette was also prominent as a champion of liberty in the opening phase of the French Revolution.
In the dark of night on Dec. 16, 1773, residents of Boston poured more than 90,000 pounds of tea into the harbor. But they weren't trying to set a world record for the most cups of tea made at one time. They were protesting the British government.
President Jefferson sent a couple of his representatives over to France to buy the city of New Orleans. What he got was the Louisiana Purchase, a patch of land that nearly doubled the size of the young nation.