Liberty Loans, a series of loans by the people of the United States to their government to provide funds for the conduct of World War I and to make possible loans to the Allies. The people loaned the money to the government by purchasing bonds. There were four issues of Liberty bonds and a fifth of Victory bonds (issued after the armistice). A total of more than $21,000,000,000 was raised.
World War I was the great armed conflict of 191418. Until World War II, it was often called the Great War because it was the most destructive and widespread war the world had ever seen.
Gallipoli Campaign, an Allied attempt in 1915, during World War I, to seize the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey and thus gain control of the Dardanelles strait, opening a supply route from the west to Russia through the Black Sea.