Wedemeyer, Albert Coady (1897–1989), a United States army officer. In 1944–46 he led United States forces in China and was chief of staff to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. General Wedemeyer surveyed economic and military conditions in China and Korea in 1947 for President Truman to help determine new aid programs for those countries. In Wedemeyer Reports! (1958) he asserted that withdrawal of United States aid to Chiang led to the Communist victory in China. Wedemeyer was born in Omaha, Nebraska, and graduated from West Point in 1919. As a staff officer in Washington in 1941, he devised the overall strategic plan adopted by the United States—that of giving the defeat of Germany priority over the defeat of Japan. After retiring from the army in 1951, Wedemeyer was a business executive.
Goebbels, Joseph Paul (1897-1945), a German Nazi propagandist. As minister of propaganda in Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, 1933-45, he not only used the press, radio, and other forms of communication to serve the Nazi regime, but also molded German cultural life to that end.