Giraud, Henri Honoré (1879–1949), a French army officer. Giraud, a hero in both the First and the Second World War, served as high commissioner and commander in chief in French North and West Africa following the Allied invasion of Africa in 1942. In 1943, Giraud and General Charles de Gaulle struggled for leadership of the Free French forces, Giraud with the support of the Allied high command. When de Gaulle gained complete control of the liberation movement in 1944, Giraud resigned his posts.
Giraud became an army officer in 1900. During both World Wars, he was captured by the Germans but managed to escape. In 1942 he fled Vichy France to join the Allies in North Africa. After the war, he served briefly as a deputy in the French National Assembly.