Spotswood, Alexander (1676–1740), a British colonial official. His administration of Virginia, as lieutenant governor (1710–22), was the ablest in the colony's history. He encouraged settlement of the frontier, promoted education, and initiated iron manufacturing. As a staunch upholder of British authority, however, Spotswood often clashed with the colonists. This discord led to his removal from office, but he settled in Virginia and was deputy postmaster general for the American colonies, 1730–40. Spotswood, a Scot, was born in Tangier, Morocco, where his father was a doctor.
Maryland was inhabited by Indians centuries before European settlement. The major tribes were the Piscataway in the west and the Nanticoke in the east, both of the Algonquian language family.
The turn of the century brought a new wave of optimism and amazing new technologies. It was also a time of unprecedented expansion in the railroad industry -- until World War I arrived.