Tyler, Moses Coit (1835-1900), a United States historian who was a pioneer in the study of American literary history. His A History of American Literature, 1607-1765 (1878) and The Literary History of the American Revolution, 1763-1783 (1897) are standard works. Tyler was the first professor of American history in the country, holding that post at Cornell University, 1881-1900. He helped to found the American Historical Association in 1884.

Tyler was born in Griswold, Connecticut. He graduated from Yale in 1857 and attended Andover Theological Seminary. After serving briefly in the Congregational ministry, he taught English literature at the University of Michigan, 1867-81.