Tawney, R. H. (Richard Henry) (1880–1962), a British economic historian. His best-known work is Religion and the Rise of Capitalism (1926). This book stresses the theory, originally developed by the German sociologist Max Weber about 1905, that the rise of capitalism from the 16th through the 19th century was closely connected with the growth of Protestantism.
Tawney was born in India and was educated at Oxford. He was professor of economic history at the University of London, 1931–49.