Belshazzar, the last king of Babylon according to the Book of Daniel. The Biblical story describes Belshazzar as the son of King Nebuchadnezzar, but Babylonian records show that the last king of Babylon was Nabonidus, and Belshazzar was his son.

At the time of the Persian conquest in 539 B.C., Belshazzar was in charge of Babylon, possibly as regent. According to the Bible, while Belshazzar and his lords were drunk at a feast, fingers of a man's hand appeared and wrote strange words on the palace wall. None of the Babylonian astrologers could read the writing. Finally, the Jewish captive Daniel was called, and he interpreted the words as warning that the kingdom would be destroyed. That night invaders captured Babylon, and Belshazzar was killed.