Braddock, Edward (1695?–1755), a British general who led a disastrous attack in the French and Indian War. One of his aides was young George Washington. Braddock was born in Perthshire, Scotland. In 1710 he joined the Coldstream Guards. He had served in few active campaigns when he was made a major general in 1754 and commander in chief of British forces in North America in 1755.
In 1755 General Braddock brought two regiments to the American colonies to drive the French from the upper Ohio River Valley. Virginians and other colonials joined him. In June, 1755, he led 2,200 men from Fort Cumberland (on the site of what is now Cumberland, Maryland) toward the French Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania). His men had to cut roads and build bridges. One road became the start of the National, or Cumberland, Road.
To speed his march, Braddock left most of his baggage train, under heavy guard, about 25 miles (40 km) from Fort Duquesne. He and Washington then led about 1,300 men through the wilderness.
About 10 miles (16 km) from Fort Duquesne they were ambushed by some 70 French soldiers, 150 Canadians, and 650 Indians. (The site is now Braddock, Pennsylvania.) Washington advised Braddock to fight Indian-fashion, shooting from behind trees. Trained in the open warfare of Europe, Braddock thought such tactics unmilitary and kept his troops in formation. More than a third of his men were killed and another third wounded. Braddock, trying to rally his troops, received a mortal wound.